What is the renaissance structures? The answer lays in its incredibly name- the word is at first French, via term la rinascita " to be reborn”. If we want to describe this age, we could declare, that renaissance is " a self-conscious break while using past and search for the newest forms of expression”. And it's completely true- renaissance is a completely new submit the History of Architecture, yet at the same time 2 weeks . return to and exalt of antique types of roman skill. It is said, that " Renaissance architects and their patrons considered architecture of their time to be contemporary and scientific”- which initially sounded peculiar to me, because it's said that renaissance appeared by recreating the antique both roman forms. Nevertheless aren't all of us thinking about our modern structures the same way? All of us repeating repeatedly already existing models, but by simply combining and improving this, using each of our knowledge and new solutions we can make something different and stunning. Ancient Roman architecture was worth to be an example for any new executive style: that brought big open space (Colosseum, Rome), aqueduct pertaining to comfort, technology (unreinforced cement dome in Pantheon, Rome). If truth, Gothic architecture also helped bring a lot of innovations, in Italy, filled with antique both roman architecture, made an appearance a condemnation and neglect attitude to Gothic.
Renaissance structure also differed by putting on scientism- a belief in the universal use of the technological methods and approach. The entire history of renaissance is the history of the appropriation of ancient greek language and Roman architectural concepts, forms and types. Therefore it means that renaissance art need to imitate characteristics and must be rational, applying defined method and rules in respect of attract wealth. Architecture, subsequently, must not only imitate character, but it need to imitate this in technological manner, such as linear point of view, and not just to imitate, but to understand incredibly principles, and after that nature built them. Renaissance architecture was very anthropomorphic- human body utilized as a standard principle of proportion. We could even track it to our time- inside the long custom of Leonardo Da Vinchi's Vitruvian Guy, Le Corbusier created his Modulor. Taking into consideration materials, may be that they needs to be used wherever it is most appropriate and its nature should not be hidden. So , we could claim, that structures appeared consequently from learning the world around- beginning from our own body to prise of overseas cultures, which usually became the camp for traditional western civilization.
All this conditions had a great impact on renaissance architecture kind in general along with its adornment. The most common ornamental elements used in Renaissance had been orders and rusticated brickwork.
Design with Rusts
Rustication- may be the masonry, manufactured from rectangular pebbles which were uncouth from the the front. This way of decorating facades came from Roman architecture, in which rustication utilized to give an idea of solid design and strength. But as well in historical Rome employing of rusts had a practical solution- that worked since an effective isolation from dampness and noises. It is said: the greater ancient structures was well-known, the significantly less intense was aspiration to imitate this. So , in Renaissance structure it was utilized only as a decoration to create an impression of fortress-type building. Unlike the Roman, Renaissance architects utilized illusory effect in masonry. To strengthen this kind of impression, the relief of rusts and height with the row had been decreasing with each floor. So this method, we get an idea of homogeneous masonry, which is reduced with all the distance. In Palazzo Strozzi, relief is becoming more level with each floor. This kind of masonry is used widely in Toscana throughout the whole XV century. In XVI hundred years this rigid decoration was used only for the ground floor, just as palace of San Michele in Verona. At last, rusticated masonry was used only around the edges with the walls. One of the initial example of these kinds of...